Medical Conditions

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The medical conditions database is designed to help you and your loved ones learn about the cause, prevention, symptoms, and treatment of medical conditions to better understand various conditions.

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  • SARS

    The Facts SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) is a severe pneumonia-like respiratory disease that first came to worldwide attention in southeast Asia in February

    Scabies

    The Facts Scabies is caused by a mite (a tiny insect-like organism) that’s hardly visible without a microscope. The mite is disc-shaped, pearly-white in

    Schizophrenia

    The Facts Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic medical condition. It is a disorder of the message system in the brain. Someone with schizophrenia

    Sciatica

    The Facts Sciatica is a pain that shoots along the sciatic nerve, radiating through the buttocks and down the back of the leg and

    Scleroderma

    The Facts Putting the two Greek words sclero (meaning hard) and derma (meaning skin) together paints a picture of the condition known as scleroderma.

    Scoliosis

    The Facts Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The spine bends to one side of the body, causing the torso to compress

    Seasonal Affective Disorder

    The Facts Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that seems to be related to the amount of daylight to which people

    Sexually Transmitted Infection

    The Facts Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a group of infections similar to one another only in that they can be acquired through sexual

    Shingles

    The Facts Shingles are caused by varicella-zoster, the same virus that causes chickenpox. If you’ve ever had chickenpox (typically during childhood), this virus is

    Sickle Cell Anemia

    The Facts Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder that causes chronic anemia, periodic episodes of pain, and other complications. In sickle cell

    Sinusitis

    The Facts The sinuses are hollow spaces in the bones behind the face. Directly behind the nose is the nasal cavity. On either side

    Skin Cancer

    The Facts Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in Canada. It is estimated that more than 78,000 Canadians develop non-melanoma skin

    Sleep Apnea

    The Facts Sleep apnea is a condition in which disturbed breathing interrupts sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most common type of sleep apnea,

    Smallpox

    The Facts Smallpox was an infection that was caused by the virus called variola virus. For thousands of years, smallpox created severe illness and

    Spina Bifida

    The Facts Spina bifida is a type of malformation that occurs during early fetal development. It’s known as a type of neural tube defect

    Sports Injuries

    The Facts Each year, participation in sports or exercise accounts for approximately 35% of injuries that occur in Canada. People who participate in sports

    Stomach Cancer

    The Facts Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, affects the stomach, which is found in the upper part of the abdomen and just

    Strep Throat

    The Facts Strep throat is the most common of bacterial infections that cause sore throat. It accounts for about 5% to 15% of all

    Stress Urinary Incontinence

    The Facts Stress urinary incontinence is caused by weakened pelvic floor muscles or a weakened urethral sphincter leading to urine leaks whenever there is

    Stroke

    The Facts Stroke is a sudden loss of brain function caused by the interruption of blood flow to the brain, as a result of

    Styes

    The Facts Styes are minor, short-term bacterial infections affecting the edge of the eyelid or eye. A stye is also called a hordeolum. Glands

    Substance Use Problems

    The Facts A substance use problem is a medical condition. It is substance use that: interferes with a person’s relationships with family and friends,

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    The Facts Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a sudden and unexpected death of a seemingly healthy infant, usually less than one year of

    Suicide

    The Facts Note: This article is not intended as a replacement for suicide counselling. If you or someone you know may be at risk

    Sunburn

    The Facts Sunburn is a kind of radiation damage done by the sun. While most people know that radiation is dangerous, they voluntarily expose

    Swine Influenza

    The Facts Swine influenza, also called “swine flu,” is a contagious respiratory disease that affects pigs. Just like humans, pigs can get the flu.

    Syphilis

    The Facts Syphilis is primarily a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Treponema pallidum bacteria. The disease has many clinical appearances that are often

    All material © 1996-2019 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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