The Facts SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) is a severe pneumonia-like respiratory disease that first came to worldwide attention in southeast Asia in February
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The medical conditions database is designed to help you and your loved ones learn about the cause, prevention, symptoms, and treatment of medical conditions to better understand various conditions.
The Facts Scabies is caused by a mite (a tiny insect-like organism) that’s hardly visible without a microscope. The mite is disc-shaped, pearly-white in
The Facts Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic medical condition. It is a disorder of the message system in the brain. Someone with schizophrenia
The Facts Sciatica is a pain that shoots along the sciatic nerve, radiating through the buttocks and down the back of the leg and
The Facts Putting the two Greek words sclero (meaning hard) and derma (meaning skin) together paints a picture of the condition known as scleroderma.
The Facts Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The spine bends to one side of the body, causing the torso to compress
The Facts Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that seems to be related to the amount of daylight to which people
The Facts Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a group of infections similar to one another only in that they can be acquired through sexual
The Facts Shingles are caused by varicella-zoster, the same virus that causes chickenpox. If you’ve ever had chickenpox (typically during childhood), this virus is
The Facts Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder that causes chronic anemia, periodic episodes of pain, and other complications. In sickle cell
The Facts The sinuses are hollow spaces in the bones behind the face. Directly behind the nose is the nasal cavity. On either side
The Facts Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in Canada. It is estimated that more than 78,000 Canadians develop non-melanoma skin
The Facts Sleep apnea is a condition in which disturbed breathing interrupts sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most common type of sleep apnea,
The Facts Smallpox was an infection that was caused by the virus called variola virus. For thousands of years, smallpox created severe illness and
The Facts Spina bifida is a type of malformation that occurs during early fetal development. It’s known as a type of neural tube defect
The Facts Each year, participation in sports or exercise accounts for approximately 35% of injuries that occur in Canada. People who participate in sports
The Facts Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, affects the stomach, which is found in the upper part of the abdomen and just
The Facts Strep throat is the most common of bacterial infections that cause sore throat. It accounts for about 5% to 15% of all
The Facts Stress urinary incontinence is caused by weakened pelvic floor muscles or a weakened urethral sphincter leading to urine leaks whenever there is
The Facts Stroke is a sudden loss of brain function caused by the interruption of blood flow to the brain, as a result of
The Facts Styes are minor, short-term bacterial infections affecting the edge of the eyelid or eye. A stye is also called a hordeolum. Glands
The Facts A substance use problem is a medical condition. It is substance use that: interferes with a person’s relationships with family and friends,
The Facts Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a sudden and unexpected death of a seemingly healthy infant, usually less than one year of
The Facts Note: This article is not intended as a replacement for suicide counselling. If you or someone you know may be at risk
The Facts Sunburn is a kind of radiation damage done by the sun. While most people know that radiation is dangerous, they voluntarily expose
The Facts Swine influenza, also called “swine flu,” is a contagious respiratory disease that affects pigs. Just like humans, pigs can get the flu.
The Facts Syphilis is primarily a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Treponema pallidum bacteria. The disease has many clinical appearances that are often
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