Medical Conditions

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The medical conditions database is designed to help you and your loved ones learn about the cause, prevention, symptoms, and treatment of medical conditions to better understand various conditions.

Acne is an inflammation of the skin that causes blackheads, whiteheads, and red spots usually called "pimples" or "zits." The most common type of acne is acne vulgaris (vulgaris means common). Acne appears most often...
Actinic keratosis (AK) is a lesion that forms on sun-damaged skin. The lesions are small scaly patches on parts of the body, such as the face, ears, bald scalp, arms, and hands, which have been...
Chronic bronchitis belongs to a larger family of medical conditions known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The term COPD is given to any condition that causes difficulty in breathing as a result of constant...
Addison’s disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, is a rare condition that affects the body’s hormonal activity. It is estimated that Addison’s disease affects about 4 out of every 100,000 individuals, appearing in all...
Note: This article is not intended as a replacement for suicide counselling. If you or someone you know may be at risk of committing suicide, contact emergency services in your area immediately to get professional...
Agoraphobia, meaning "fear of the marketplace" in Greek, is a type of anxiety disorder. It’s a condition where a person feels intensely anxious about being trapped in certain situations (i.e., public places or places where...
It is estimated that about three-quarters of the population drink alcohol. Of this number, about 4 to 5 million Canadians will find that their alcohol consumption leads to serious problems involving their health, work, finances,...
Allergic rhinitis, also called hay fever or pollinosis, literally means "allergic nose inflammation," where rhino means "to do with the nose" and the ending -itis simply refers to inflammation. Allergic rhinitis can either be intermittent...
Alopecia refers to hair loss from any part of the body for any reason. There are several types, ranging from thinning hair to complete baldness. Alopecia is broadly classified into 2 categories. In non-scarring alopecia,...
The higher you go above sea level, the less oxygen there is to breathe. When you reach elevations above 2,000 metres (6,500 feet), your body doesn’t always adjust quickly enough to the decrease in oxygen....

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