Medical Conditions

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The medical conditions database is designed to help you and your loved ones learn about the cause, prevention, symptoms, and treatment of medical conditions to better understand various conditions.

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  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially lifethreatening complication that may occur in people who have diabetes, most often in those who have type 1

    Diaper Rash

    A diaper rash is an area of inflamed skin found in the diaper area in infants and young children. It is usually caused by

    Diarrhea

    Diarrhea is a symptom, not a disease. It is defined as passing frequent (3 or more per day) loose or watery stools. The acute

    Diverticulitis

    Diverticula are sacs formed by a fold of the lining of the intestinal wall. They project from within the bowel through the muscle surrounding

    Down Syndrome

    Chromosomes are tiny structures found in every cell of our bodies. These structures hold the DNA genetic codes that dictate our natural traits and

    Dry Eye Disease

    Dry eye disease (DED), also known as dry eye syndrome or dysfunctional tear syndrome, is a condition that involves the tears and the surface

    Dry Mouth

    Dry mouth is usually a temporary condition caused when the salivary glands don’t produce enough saliva. It’s a common side effect of many prescription

    Dysentery

    Many people have spent a tropical vacation with a bad stomach bug. They might have had dysentery, a painful intestinal infection that is usually

    Dysmenorrhea

    Dysmenorrhea can be literally translated as "difficult monthly flow." Although it’s normal for most women to have mild abdominal cramps on the first day

    Dysthymic Disorder

    Persistent depressive disorder, also known as dysthymia, is a mood or affective disorder. It is a chronic, mild depression that lasts for a long

    Eating Disorders

    More people are being diagnosed with eating disorders, possibly as a consequence of society’s emphasis on and preoccupation with thinness. Eating disorders are conditions

    Ebola Virus Disease

    The Ebola virus disease (EVD), previously referred to as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe and often fatal infection. It is spread through contact

    Ectopic Pregnancy

    An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants itself outside of the uterus. Ectopic pregnancies usually occur in a fallopian tube (called a

    Eczema

    Eczema, also known as dermatitis, refers to a group of skin conditions that cause inflammation of the skin. Eczema is not caused by an

    Embolism

    An embolus is a particle that moves about in our blood vessels, either in the veins or arteries. Most emboli are composed of clotted

    Emphysema

    Emphysema is a chronic lung condition in which the lungs’ natural airspaces, called alveoli, become larger but decrease in number. The tissue surrounding the

    Endocarditis

    Endocarditis is an inflammation of the lining of the heart valves that is most often caused by infection. Most people who develop this condition

    Endometriosis

    The endometrium is the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus (the womb). It is the tissue that is shed each month when

    Enterovirus D68

    Enterovirus D68, also known as EV-D68, belongs to a larger group of viruses known as enteroviruses. This group includes more than 100 different types

    Epilepsy

    The name epilepsy comes from the Greek for "to be seized." Sudden, spontaneous seizure is the hallmark of this illness. It may involve falling

    Erectile Dysfunction

    Erectile dysfunction is the frequent or consistent inability to get or sustain an erection of the penis that is satisfactory for engaging in sexual

    Eye Infections

    Many of the viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi that can invade the human body are also capable of attacking the surface or interior of

    Farsightedness

    Farsightedness, known medically as hyperopia, refers to being able to see fairly well at a distance but not close up.

    Female Sexual Dysfunction

    Female sexual dysfunction occurs when a woman is not able to fully, healthily, and pleasurably experience some or all of the various physical stages

    Fever

    Although normal body temperatures can vary throughout the day (lower in the morning and higher in the afternoon), the average adult normal body temperature

    Fibrocystic Breast Disease

    Fibrocystic breast disease, a condition causing breast pain, cysts, and noncancerous breast lumps, affects many women. It may also be called fibroglandular changes, fibrocystic

    Fibromyalgia Syndrome

    Fibromyalgia is a term referring to a pattern of generalized pain all over the body, without any visible signs of inflammation or change. It

    Fifth Disease

    Fifth disease, also called erythema infectiosum, is a viral infection caused by human parvovirus B19. It occurs most commonly in children with up to

    Food Poisoning

    Food poisoning is a very common illness. For most people it is usually mild, but food poisoning can be severe and even deadly for

    Fungal Skin or Nail Infections

    There are two major causes of fungal infections of the skin and nails: yeast and dermatophytes. Yeast infections of the skin and nails are

    Gallstones

    Gallstones are crystal-like masses that typically form in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ located on the right side of the abdomen,

    Gangrene

    Gangrene is the death of tissue in your body. It develops when the blood supply to an affected body part is cut off because

    Gastroenteritis

    Gastroenteritis literally means inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Viral gastroenteritis is also called "stomach flu." It is extremely common, especially in children, and is

    Genital Herpes

    Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI; also known by the older term sexually transmitted disease or STD) in North America and

    GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)

    GERD stands for gastroesophageal reflux disease, which is the backflow of stomach contents (including stomach acid) upward into the esophagus (the swallowing tube that

    Giant Cell Arteritis

    Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a common inflammation disease of medium- to large-sized arteries. These arteries can become narrowed, restricting blood flow to affected

    Giardiasis

    Giardiasis is an intestinal infection caused by a microscopic, single-celled parasite known as Giardia lamblia. A parasite is an organism that lives on or

    Gingivitis

    Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums (known to doctors as the gingiva) caused by bacteria. Eventually the bacteria can get into the bones

    Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is a type of progressive eye damage in which optic nerve cells are damaged by excess fluid pressure in the eyeball. It’s the

    Glioma

    Each year, approximately 3,000 Canadians are diagnosed with brain tumours. A glioma is a type of malignant brain tumour. A malignant tumour is a

    Glomerulonephritis

    Glomerulonephritis is a progressive kidney disease that involves the glomeruli, the individual filtering units of the kidney that produce urine. When the glomeruli become

    Gonorrhea

    Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in North America. Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The infection can

    Gout

    Gout is a type of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of joint pain with tenderness, redness, warmth, and swelling in the

    Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare neurological disorder which causes progressive paralysis, starting from the feet and progressing up throughout the rest of the

    H1N1 Influenza

    H1N1 influenza is a contagious respiratory disease that causes symptoms of seasonal influenza in people. The name "swine flu" was initially used to describe

    Halitosis

    Halitosis is also referred to as oral malodor, but most of us know it quite simply as "bad breath." Even though it’s a comparatively

    Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

    Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a viral infection that usually affects babies and children. HFMD can lead to fever, a blistering rash

    Hay Fever

    Hay fever is also known as pollinosis or seasonal allergic rhinitis. For most people, a single allergen sets their symptoms off at about the

    Headaches

    Headaches are extremely common – most people have a headache at some time in their life. Most headaches disappear on their own (with a

    All material © 1996-2019 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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