Botulinum toxin is a neuromuscular paralytic agent. It blocks the nerves that are responsible for muscle activity and helps to relax muscles that are in constant contraction (spasm). It is used to treat conditions that are caused by certain muscles going into spasm. These include:
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop receiving this medication without consulting your doctor.
XEOMIN® is supplied in sterile vials containing 100 units of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin type A, free from complexing proteins. Nonmedicinal ingredients: sucrose and human serum albumin. This product contains no preservative.
Botulinum toxin is injected into a muscle by a qualified health professional. When given for conditions of the eye, the medication is injected into the surrounding muscle or tissue of the eye.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are receiving the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important this medication be given exactly as recommended by your doctor. If you miss an appointment to receive botulinum toxin type A, contact your doctor as soon as possible to reschedule your appointment. It is very important to keep your appointments for treatment and follow-up.
This medication is stored at room temperature. Once the dried powder has been mixed, it should ideally be used immediately. However, it may be stored in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
Botulinum toxin should not be used by anyone who:
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
When used for blepharospasm:
When used for cervical dystonia:
When used for upper limb spasticity after a stroke:
Although most of these side effects listed below don’t happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not check with your doctor or seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
Stop using the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.
Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.
Health Canada has issued new restrictions concerning the use of Xeomin (botulinum toxin type A). To read the full Health Canada Advisory, visit Health Canada’s web site at www.hc-sc.gc.ca.
Angle-closure glaucoma: Botulinum toxin can cause angle-closure glaucoma in those who are at risk. Your doctor will monitor for this if necessary.
Distant toxin spread: Very rarely, this medication may spread to other parts of the body other than where it was injected, leading to muscle weakness, difficulty swallowing, pneumonia, speech difficulties, and breathing problems. Distant toxin spread can be fatal. If you develop severe difficulty swallowing, speaking, or breathing while using this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Occupational hazards: Your ability to drive and use machines may be affected either because of the disease for which you are being treated, the way botulinum toxin works in your body, or the possible side effects of botulinum toxin. People using botulinum toxin should not drive a car or perform hazardous tasks until they have fully recovered from the effects of this medication.
Other medical conditions: People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, bleeding disorders, with disorders that produce a depletion of acetylcholine, or disorders that produce peripheral neuromuscular dysfunction should discuss with their doctor how this medication may affect their medical condition, how their medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Pregnancy: This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while receiving this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: It is not known if this medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are receiving this medication, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication have not been established for children under 18 years of age.
There may be an interaction between botulinum toxin type A and any of the following:
If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2020. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/Xeomin