Pantoprazole can also be used to treat or reduce the risk of stomach ulcers due to medications known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which irritate the stomach. This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
The recommended dose of pantoprazole to treat reflux esophagitis is 40 mg once daily in the morning for 4 to 8 weeks. Treatment may be continued at a dose of 20 mg to 40 mg once daily to prevent the symptoms from returning.
To treat GERD or heartburn, the recommended dose is 40 mg once daily for up to 4 weeks.
To prevent stomach ulcers associated with NSAID use, the dose is 20 mg once daily in the morning.
To treat duodenal (intestinal) ulcers, the recommended dose is 40 mg once daily in the morning for 2 to 4 weeks.
To treat gastric (stomach) ulcers, the recommended dose is 40 mg once daily in the morning for 4 to 8 weeks.
To treat duodenal (intestinal) ulcers caused by H. pylori in adults, the dose of pantoprazole is 40 mg twice daily taken with amoxicillin 1,000 mg twice daily and clarithromycin 500 mg twice daily, or pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily taken with metronidazole 500 mg twice daily and clarithromycin 500 mg twice daily. The usual duration of this treatment is 7 days.
Do not chew or crush the tablets. Swallow them whole with a glass of water in the morning either before, during, or after breakfast.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important that this medication be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not take this medication if you:
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
Although most of these side effects listed below don’t happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not check with your doctor or seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.
Diarrhea: When gastric acid is decreased, the number of bacteria normally in the digestive system increases. Occasionally, this can cause serious infection in the digestive tract. If you experience severe watery or bloody diarrhea, fever, or abdominal pain while taking pantoprazole, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Electrolyte balance: Long term use of pantoprazole may cause the levels of electrolytes such as potassium, calcium, and magnesium in the blood to decrease. If you experience symptoms of fluid and electrolyte imbalance such as muscle pains or cramps; dry mouth; numb hands, feet, or lips; or racing heartbeat, contact your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor may do blood tests periodically to monitor the levels of these electrolytes in your blood while you are taking this medication.
Kidney function: If you have kidney disease or decreased kidney function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Liver function: People with severe liver disease should generally not take more than 20 mg of pantoprazole daily. If you have liver disease or decreased liver function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Methotrexate interaction: Pantoprazole, like other medications in this group, may interact with methotrexate when the two medications are used at the same time. This combination may lead to higher than expected amounts of methotrexate in the body and can cause serious side effects, including kidney damage, irregular heartbeat, anemia, or infection. If you take pantoprazole and are also going to receive a dose of methotrexate, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Osteoporosis fractures: Long term use of pantoprazole may be related to an increased risk of bone fractures in the hip, wrist, or spine, as a result of weakened bones. This risk is further increased if you are at risk of developing osteoporosis. If you have osteoporosis or have risk factors for developing osteoporosis, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Severe stomach problems: If you have recurrent vomiting, difficulty swallowing, blood in the stool, significant unintentional weight loss, fatigue (anemia), or are coughing up blood, check with your doctor right away. Long term use of pantoprazole (longer than 1 year) has been associated with growth of polyps (abnormal growths) in the stomach.
Skin conditions: Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus is a skin condition that may develop in certain people taking pantoprazole or other similar medications. If you develop a rash on areas of skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, arms, or shoulders, check with your doctor as soon as possible.
Vitamin B12: Long-term use of pantoprazole may lead to vitamin B12 deficiency. If you are a vegetarian or have low vitamin B12 levels, discuss with your doctor whether any special monitoring is required.
Pregnancy: This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: This medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking pantoprazole, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication has not been established for children.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2020. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/Panto-IV