Medical Conditions

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The medical conditions database is designed to help you and your loved ones learn about the cause, prevention, symptoms, and treatment of medical conditions to better understand various conditions.

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  • Acne

    The Facts Acne is an inflammation of the skin that causes blackheads, whiteheads, and red spots usually called “pimples” or “zits.” The most common

    Actinic Keratosis

    The Facts Actinic keratosis (AK) is a lesion that forms on sun-damaged skin. The lesions are small scaly patches on parts of the body,

    Addison’s Disease

    The Facts Addison’s disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, is a rare condition that affects the body’s hormonal activity. It is estimated that

    Adolescent Suicide

    The Facts Note: This article is not intended as a replacement for suicide counselling. If you or someone you know may be at risk

    Agoraphobia

    The Facts Agoraphobia, meaning “fear of the marketplace” in Greek, is a type of anxiety disorder. It’s a condition where a person feels intensely

    Alcoholism

    The Facts It is estimated that about three-quarters of the population drink alcohol. Of this number, about 4 to 5 million Canadians will find

    Allergic Rhinitis

    The Facts Allergic rhinitis, also called hay fever or pollinosis, literally means “allergic nose inflammation,” where rhino means “to do with the nose” and

    Alopecia

    The Facts Alopecia refers to hair loss from any part of the body for any reason. There are several types, ranging from thinning hair

    Altitude Sickness

    The Facts The higher you go above sea level, the less oxygen there is to breathe. When you reach elevations above 2,000 metres (6,500

    Alzheimer’s Disease

    The Facts Alzheimer’s disease has a major impact on the health of Canadians. About 560,000 Canadians suffer from some type of dementia (mental deterioration),

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The Facts Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease – is a motor neuron disease. It’s caused when the motor

    Andropause

    The Facts Testosterone is the hormone responsible for deep voices, muscle mass, and facial and body hair patterns found in males. As men get

    Anemia

    The Facts Anemia is a condition where the number of healthy red blood cells (RBCs) in the blood is lower than normal. RBCs transport

    Anemia of Inflammation

    The Facts The blood that circulates throughout the body performs a number of critical functions. It delivers oxygen, removes carbon dioxide, and carries life-sustaining

    Aneurysm

    The Facts An aneurysm is a weak point in a blood vessel wall, most commonly in an artery. Blood pressure tends to push the

    Angina

    The Facts Angina (also called angina pectoris) is chest pain that appears when the muscle cells of the heart don’t get enough blood to

    Angioplasty

    The Facts Angioplasty is a technique for reopening narrowed or blocked arteries in the heart (coronary arteries) without major surgery. First used in 1977,

    Ankylosing Spondylitis

    The Facts Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in the joints of the spine. The most common areas affected

    Anthrax

    The Facts Anthrax is an infection that is caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. These bacteria form spores that are hard-shelled, dormant versions of

    Anxiety Disorders

    The Facts Everyone experiences anxiety from time to time as a result of a situation that we perceive as threatening or stressful, such as

    Aplastic Anemia

    The Facts The blood that circulates throughout the body performs a number of critical functions. It delivers oxygen, removes carbon dioxide, and carries life-sustaining

    Appendicitis

    The Facts A sudden inflammation or swelling of the appendix is called appendicitis. The appendix is a tube-like structure that branches off where the

    Arrhythmias

    The Facts An arrhythmia occurs when the heart’s regular rhythm changes, such as speeding up or slowing down, or when it beats irregularly. In

    Arthritis

    The Facts Arthritis is a chronic disorder that affects 1 in every 6 Canadians over the age of 14. And nearly 60% of those

    Asbestosis

    The Facts Asbestosis is a harmful lung condition that develops in people who have inhaled asbestos dust. When someone inhales the dust, the microscopic

    Asthma

    The Facts Asthma is a chronic lung condition. Inflammation, increased mucus, and muscle tightening cause the airways to narrow, and as a result, air

    Astigmatism

    The Facts The cornea is the clear front layer on the surface of the eye that does most of the work of bending light

    Athlete’s Foot

    The Facts Athlete’s foot, known as dermatophytosis of the foot or tinea pedis (“foot fungus”), is a common skin infection that affects the feet.

    Atrial Fibrillation

    The Facts The heart is divided into four chambers: two atria on top and two ventricles underneath. The role of the atria is to

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The Facts Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that is characterized by a pattern of inattention (inability to concentrate), and hyperactivity-impulsivity, that

    Autism

    The Facts Imagine living in a world that doesn’t completely reach you, and to which you can’t always respond. For many people who have

    Avian Influenza

    The Facts Avian influenza, more commonly called “bird flu,” is a type of influenza or “flu” that occurs in all species of birds. The

    Back Disorders

    The Facts The spine is made up of bone segments called vertebrae. Vertebrae have two parts: 1) the cylinder-shaped vertebral bodies to the front;

    Bedsores

    The Facts Bedsores are also known as pressure sores or decubitus ulcers. They form when your bone squeezes your skin and tissue against an

    Bedwetting

    The Facts Bedwetting is common for children, affecting more boys than girls. The condition occurs in 10% to 15% of children at the age

    Bell’s Palsy

    The Facts Bell’s palsy is a sudden facial paralysis that usually strikes all or part of one side of the face. Men or women

    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    The Facts The prostate gland is a small, round lump of tissue located between the penis and the bladder. Its function is to add

    Binge Eating Disorder

    The Facts Binge eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder where a person has recurrent episodes of binge eating. During these episodes, the individual

    Bipolar Disorder

    The Facts We all experience a variety of moods such as happiness, sadness, and anger. Unpleasant moods and changes in mood are normal reactions

    Blood Clots

    The Facts Blood clots are a collection of sticky blood cells that form when a blood vessel is damaged. The body creates blood clots

    Botulism

    The Facts Most people know that botulism is dangerous, but many are confused about whether it’s an infection or a case of poisoning. In

    Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

    The Facts Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as “mad cow disease,” is a fatal disease that strikes the nervous system of cattle. BSE

    Brain Cancer

    The Facts Brain cancer is a tumour or cancerous growth in the brain. A tumour, whether in your brain or elsewhere, is a mass

    Breast Cancer

    The Facts A woman’s breast is made up of milk glands and milk ducts, surrounded by fatty tissue and connective supports. Uncontrolled growth of

    Bronchiectasis

    The Facts Bronchiectasis isn’t one single disease. Rather, it is a condition that results from injury to the bronchi and bronchial tubes. These are

    Bronchitis

    The Facts Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways between the windpipe and the lungs (bronchial tubes). The lining of these tubes produces large

    Bunions

    The Facts A bunion is a bony enlargement of the joint and surrounding soft tissues at the base of the big toe. The enlargement

    All material © 1996-2019 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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