The Facts Gallstones are crystal-like masses that typically form in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ located on the right side of
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The medical conditions database is designed to help you and your loved ones learn about the cause, prevention, symptoms, and treatment of medical conditions to better understand various conditions.
The Facts Gangrene is the death of tissue in your body. It develops when the blood supply to an affected body part is cut
The Facts Gastroenteritis literally means inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Viral gastroenteritis is also called “stomach flu.” It is extremely common, especially in children,
The Facts Genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs; these are also known by the older term sexually transmitted
The Facts GERD stands for gastroesophageal reflux disease, which is the backflow of stomach contents (including stomach acid) upward into the esophagus (the swallowing
The Facts Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a common inflammation disease of medium- to large-sized arteries. These arteries can become narrowed, restricting blood flow
The Facts Giardiasis is an intestinal infection caused by a microscopic, single-celled parasite known as Giardia lamblia. A parasite is an organism that lives
The Facts Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums (known to doctors as the gingiva) caused by bacteria. Eventually the bacteria can get into
The Facts Glaucoma is a type of progressive eye damage in which optic nerve cells are damaged by excess fluid pressure in the eyeball.
The Facts Each year, approximately 3,000 Canadians are diagnosed with brain tumours. A glioma is a type of malignant brain tumour. A malignant tumour
The Facts Glomerulonephritis is a progressive kidney disease that involves the glomeruli, the individual filtering units of the kidney that produce urine. When the
The Facts Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in North America. Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The
The Facts Gout is a type of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of joint pain with tenderness, redness, warmth, and swelling
The Facts Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare neurological disorder which causes progressive paralysis, starting from the feet and progressing up throughout the rest
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